Sometimes, with surgery like wisdom teeth removal, complications arise. The biggest concern is hitting a nerve. The nerve typically rests next to the roots of the third molars. Sometimes, doctors can hit these nerves during surgery. The risk is that you can lose feeling in your lips, chin, or tongue.
Now, with young adolescents, this is not as likely, because the wisdom teeth are smaller and the roots more shallow. However, as a person ages and the teeth are deeply rooted in the jawbone, the risk for something like this is much higher.
Typically, when the nerve is hit during this surgical process, patients will experience temporary numbness and tingling after the anesthesia wears off. Again, as the patient is older and in rare cases, the nerve damage can actually remain permanent. Because of this risk and how it might alter your body, the doctor will have you sign a consent form ahead of time.
A sinus opening can happen as a result of the removal of your upper wisdom teeth. The doctor will monitor your health before the surgery and make sure you do not have a cold or sinus infection symptoms. She may tell you to refrain from blowing your nose for at least two or three days after the surgery. You will be able to wipe your nose, but no blowing and only sneezing through your mouth. If you feel like this is happening to you, then you need to call your doctor immediately. Another procedure may need to take place. (This condition is quite rare.)
Dry sockets are a very common side effect of wisdom teeth removal. Because of the premature loss of a clot in the socket of the empty tooth, dry sockets form. These happen more often in patients who use tobacco or patients that take birth control pills. Another way to develop a dry socket is to sip things through a straw. Avoid it at all costs. If you end up with dry sockets, your doctor can place some special pain medicine in the form of a dressing into the socket for fast relief. The dressing itself does not heal the socket. It only alleviates the pain. The socket heals on its own with time—sometimes a week.
Although not as common, sometimes infections occur after the removal of wisdom teeth. Most doctors put patients on antibiotics ahead of time. In the event that you contract an infection, your doctor will find an antibiotic to counter the problem.
Temporary side effects include bleeding, swollen cheeks, bruising, jaw stiffness, and pain. The key word is temporary. These things will not last forever but be gone in a matter of days. Be patient.