ROOT CANALS

Endodontic therapy or root canal therapy is a sequence of treatment for theinfected pulp of atooth which results in the elimination of infection and the protection of the decontaminated tooth from futuremicrobial invasion.[1]Root canals and their associated pulp chamber are the physical hollows within a tooth that are naturally inhabited by nerve tissue, blood vessels and other cellular entities which together constitute the dental pulp.[2] Endodontic therapy involves the removalof these structures, the subsequent shaping, cleaning, and decontamination of the hollows with small files and irrigating solutions, and the obturation (filling) of the decontaminated canals with an inert filling such as gutta-percha and typically a eugenol-based cement.[3] Epoxy resin is employed to bind gutta-percha in some root canal procedures.[4] Endodontics includes both primary and secondary endodontic treatments as well as periradicular surgery, as applied to teeth that still have potential for salvage.